Career Clusters: Agriculture, Health Science, STEM

Course Description: Introduction to Biotechnology introduces students to the fundamental scientific principles of biotechnology, bioethics, the variety of careers in biosciences, as well as the commercial and regulatory characteristics of biotechnology. The course emphasizes how key concepts from biology and chemistry apply to modern applications within the field of biotechnology. The knowledge and skills gained in this course provide students with a broad understanding of biotechnology and the impact it makes on society. The content and skills covered in this course are the basic competencies required for an entry‐level position in a biotechnology company.

Course Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry

Postsecondary Alignment: BIO 160

Test Alignment: Precision Exams Introduction to Biotechnology

Standards Alignment:

-NCHSE: National Health Science Standards

-HOSA: HOSA – Future Health Professionals

-FFA: FFA – Agricultural Education

-CCTC: Common Career Technical Core

-CSS: Colorado State Standards


Standard I - Students will explore the foundations of biotechnology.
ObjectivesEvidence OutcomesStandards and CTSO Alignment
1- Define biotechnology and compare and contrast the history of biotechnology with current advancements.Students can:
a- Define biotechnology.
b- Outline uses of biotechnology through history.
c- Identify current uses of biotechnology.
2- Discuss advancements in the divisions of biotechnology.Students can:
a- Identify and describe current advancements in agricultural, industrial, medical, and environmental biotechnology.
b- Research and present a current advancement in biotechnology.
3- Identify bioethical issues surrounding biotechnology due to advancements in agricultural, industrial, medical, and environmental technologies.Students can:
a- Analyze the legal, ethical and social implications in regards to technology advancements in the field of biotechnology.
b- Debate a legal, ethical, or social implication in regards to technology advancements in the field of biotechnology.
4- Explore a variety of careers associated with the biotechnology industry and the academic world.Students can:
a- Research and outline educational and career paths for four different occupations, one in each division, of the biotechnology profession.
b- Prepare a presentation OR complete a project (i.e., video conferencing) on one career from the four previously researched. Presentation may include: a deep understanding of the career, educational requirements, job outlook, and salary range.
c- Describe the role of Career and Technical Student Organizations (HOSA and FFA) and demonstrate an understanding of their importance in postsecondary and workforce readiness skills.
5- Explore the development and management of biotechnology businesses.Students can:
a- Analyze the framework for translational science (i.e., basic research, prototype design or discovery, preclinical development, clinical development, FDA filing/approval and launch preparation, translational research, critical path research, patent application).
b- Examine how discoveries and inventions are commercialized.
b- Apply understanding of the basics of innovation and entrepreneurship in an area of biotechnology.
c- Examine the roll of the FDA in regards to compliance with laws and regulations.
Standard II - Students will demonstrate appropriate laboratory safety and proper use of equipment.
ObjectivesEvidence OutcomesStandards and CTSO Alignment
1- Demonstrate understanding of laboratory safety procedures and rules as they relate to a bioscience laboratory.Students can:
a- Understand how to read and use material safety data sheets (MSDS) including labeling, handling, and storage of chemicals.
b- Identify the proper procedures to contain and clean-up a solid and a liquid chemical spill.
c- Be able to manage and dispose of biological waste by following biohazard protocols.
d- Identify the location of safety equipment in the laboratory and describe how to use.

  • Eye wash stations

  • Fire extinguishers

  • Fire blankets

  • Emergency gas shut off valve

  • Glass waste

  • Biohazard waste

  • Liquid chemical waste

  • Hazard chemical storage

  • General chemical storage

  • Spill kit

  • Broom & dustpan

  • MSDS

  • First aid kit

e- Identify appropriate disinfection and sterilization processes.

  • Autoclave

  • Liquid chemicals

  • Ionizing radiation

  • Filtration

  • Gasses

  • Fire/Flaming

f- Demonstrate proper aseptic techniques and sterilizing procedures.
2- Describe personal protective equipment (PPE) used in a biotechnology laboratory.Students can:
a- Explain the four (4) Biosafety Levels and identify the types of organisms/pathogens that are associated with each level.
b- Select the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and facility requirements at each of the Biosafety Levels.
c- Demonstrate proper removal of disposable gloves.
3- Demonstrate proper use of biotechnology laboratory equipment and following common biotechnology lab protocols.Students can:
a- Identify common equipment used in a biotechnology laboratory and recognize appropriate usage such as:
• Micropipette
• Centrifuge
• Spectrophotometer
• pH meter
• Electrophoresis
• Thermocycler
• Microscope
• Autoclave
• Balance
• Water baths
• Hotplate
• Vortex Mixer
• Gel electrophoresis equipment
b- Accurately de