Career Cluster: Health Science

Course Description: Focuses on basic knowledge of body structures and function, and provides a foundation for understanding deviations from normal and disease conditions. This course is designed for individuals interested in health care and is directly applicable to the Practical Nursing Program, Paramedic Program and the Medical Office Technology program.

Certifications: Precision Exams Technical Skills Attainment

Test Alignment: Precision Exams Technical Skills Attainment

Standards Alignment:

NCHSE, National Health Science Standards

-HOSA: HOSA – Future Health Professionals

CCTC, Common Career Technical Core

CSS, Colorado State Standards

PWR, Postsecondary and Workforce Readiness


Standard I – Human Body Organization
ObjectivesEvidence OutcomesState Standard, NCHSE Standard, and HOSA Alignment
1- Identify the six levels of structural organization of the human body.Students can:
a- Distinguish between the levels of structural organization (chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism).
b- Illustrate the interdependency of each level of structural organization.
NCHSE: 1.11, 1.13
2- Identify directional terminology.Students can:
a- Explain directional terms used when referring to the human body (superior/inferior, proximal/distal, medial/lateral, anterior/posterior, superficial/deep).
b- Identify planes used to divide the human body (sagittal, midsagittal, transverse, frontal).
c- Distinguish between the body cavities and the organs located within each cavity (dorsal, cranial, vertebral, ventral, thoracic, pleural, pericardial, mediastinum, abdominopelvic, abdominal, pelvic).
d- Identify the body quadrants and the main organs in each quadrant (right upper quadrant- RUQ, left upper quadrant-LUQ, right lower quadrant-RLQ, left lower quadrant-LLQ).
HOSA: Colorado Anatomy in Clay® Competition
NCHSE: 1.12
3- Discuss the importance of homeostasis in the human body.Students can:
a- Explain what is occurring in the body during a homeostatic imbalance.
b- Identify variables that may cause homeostatic imbalances.
c- Compare and contrast negative and positive feedback mechanisms.
NCHSE: 1.21
Standard II - Human Body Chemistry
ObjectivesEvidence OutcomesState Standard, NCHSE Standard, and HOSA Alignment
1- Examine the basic principles of chemical elements.Students can:
a- Discuss the Periodic Table of Elements and describe its role.
b- Identify the organic elements in the human body and list their basic functions (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen).
c- Compare and contrast organic and inorganic compounds.
d- Identify the function of common electrolytes in the human body (sodium, potassium, chloride).
NCHSE: 1.13
2- Identify the basic components of atoms and describe the characteristics of ions, molecules, compounds, and bonds.Students can:
a- Diagram and discuss the basic components of an atom (nucleus, electron, proton, and neutron).
b- Differentiate between ions, cations and anions.
c- Compare and contrast molecules and compounds.
d- Recognize the characteristics of ionic, covalent and hydrogen bonds.
-- none --
3- Show the relationship between water, acids, bases, and pH.Students can:
a- Discuss the properties of water and illustrate how it is utilized in the human body.
b- Categorize acidic, basic and neutral solutions and identify pH values of each using the pH scale.
c- Identify the normal pH of common body fluids (blood, intracellular fluid, gastric juice, urine).
NCHSE: 1.13
Standard III - Cell Biology
ObjectivesEvidence OutcomesState Standard, NCHSE Standard, and HOSA Alignment
1- Identify the basic structures and functions of an animal cell.Students can:
a- Explain the structure and function of the cell membrane.
b- Discuss the str