|1- Identify the components of blood, the structure of each component, and the function of each.||Students can:|
a- Describe the structure and function of erythrocytes.
b- Identify the structure and function of leukocytes and list the two major groups (granulocytes (neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils) and agranulocytes (monocytes, lymphocytes).
c- Explain the structure and function of thrombocytes.
|2- Explain the phases of hemostasis.||Students can:|
a- Identify the vascular phase of hemostasis.
b- Explain the platelet phase of hemostasis.
c- Discuss the coagulation phase of hemostasis.
d- Describe the clot retraction phase of hemostasis.
e- Identify the fibrinolysis phase of hemostasis.
|3- ABO blood types and Rh factor||Students can:|
a- Identify the antigen located on the erythrocyte to determine ABO blood type.
b- Describe the Rh factor and how it can affect pregnancy.
|4- Describe the structures and functions of the lymphatic organs and explain how lymph moves through the body.||Students can:|
a- Identify the structure and function of the lymph organs (thymus, bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, tonsils, appendix Peyer’s patches).
b- Describe how lymph moves through the body.
|5- Compare and contrast antibodies and antigens.||Students can:|
a- Discuss antigens and describe how they elicit an immune response.
b- Explain how antibodies bind to antigens and signal other cells of the immune system to respond to the invading microbe.
|6- Identify the roles of T-cells and B-cells in the immune response.||Students can:|
a- Discuss the general role of T-cells in an immune response.
b- Describe the general role of B-cells in an immune response.
|7- Distinguish between active and passive immunity and natural and artificial immunity.||Students can:|
a- Compare and contrast active and passive immunity.
b- Compare and contrast natural and artificial immunity.
|8- Identify the general functions of the cardiovascular system.||Students can:|
a- Describe how the cardiovascular system transports nutrients, oxygen, and hormones though out the body and removes metabolic wastes.
b- Discuss how the cardiovascular system protects the body by circulating lymphocytes, antibodies, and platelets.
c- Identify how the cardiovascular system regulates body temperature, pH, and water content of cells.
|9- Describe the structures and functions of the cardiovascular system organs.||Students can:|
a- Identify the structures of the cardiovascular system (heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, blood).
b- Discuss the functions of the structures of the cardiovascular system.
|10- Identify and label the anatomical structures of the heart and trace blood flow through the heart.||Students can:|
a- Label the anatomical structures of the heart.
b- Trace blood flow through the heart.
|11- Explain the structures and functions of the conduction system of the heart and trace the pathway.||Students can:|
a- Label the structures of the conduction system of the heart.
b- Describe the function of the conduction system of the heart.
c- Trace the pathway of the conduction system of the heart.
|12- Sequence the events of the cardiac cycle, define the term cardiac output, and identify factors that influence it.||Students can:|
a- Sequence the events of the cardiac cycle.
b- Define the term cardiac output.
c- Discuss factors that influence cardiac output.
|13- Describe blood pressure, identify the common locations where a pulse is felt, and assess how to take how to measure blood pressure.||Students can:|
a- Identify systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
b- Locate common places a pulse is felt.
c- Demonstrate how to measure blood pressure.
|14- Describe the diseases and disorders of the blood, lymph, and cardiovascular systems and describe the homeostatic imbalance involved with each.||Students can:|
a- Compare and contrast the types of anemia and the causes of each.
b- Describe lymphoma and identify treatment options.
c- Describe lymphedema and identify causes and treatment options.
d- Identify causes of coronary artery disease and describe treatment options.
e- Compare and contrast the types of arrhythmias and the causes of each.
f- Identify the causes of heart failure and describe the treatment options.
|HOSA: Pathophysiology Knowledge Test