Academic Credit – The unit of measurement an institution awards when the determined course or subject requirement(s) are fulfilled (Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education Glossary).

Academic Rigor – Offering a CTE curriculum that aligns the new CTE career pathway standards with Colorado’s newly adopted Common Core standards, which include:

  • Four credits in English language arts
  • Three credits in mathematics
  • Two credits in social studies
  • Two credits in science

AA (Associate of Arts) Degree – The Associate of Arts degree provides the first two years of study toward a bachelor of arts degree.

AAS (Associate of Applied Science) Degree – The AAS degree (with the occupational field specified) is intended to prepare students to enter skilled and/or paraprofessional occupations or to upgrade or stabilize their employment. Certain courses/certificates within the degree or the entire AAS degree may be accepted toward a baccalaureate degree at some four-year institutions.

Academically Enhanced CTE Courses – CTE courses that can document and demonstrate that 80% of course content is directly aligned to state approved CTE occupational standards for the program in which the course is delivered are acceptable for CTE approval.

Accredited – The goal of accreditation of educational programs is to ensure that the education provided by institutions of higher education meets acceptable levels of quality. The US Department of Education maintains a website on “Accreditation in the United States” at that provides lists of regional and national accrediting agencies recognized by the US Secretary of Education as reliable authorities concerning the quality of education or training offered by the institutions of higher education. (U.S. Department of Labor, Credential Resource Guide, handout, April 26, 2010 (

Active Program – A program is considered an active program once it has been approved by CCCS. An active program can have the program status of Active, New, or Conditional.

Adult Basic Education (ABE) – ABE is instruction in the basic skills below the 9th grade level (0-8.9). (

Adult Education – Services or instruction below the postsecondary level for individuals who:

  • Have attained 16 years of age; and
  • Are not enrolled or required to be enrolled in secondary school under State law;
  • And
    • Lack sufficient mastery of basic educational skills to enable the individuals to function effectively in society; or
    • Do not have a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent and have not achieved an equivalent level of education; or
    • Are unable to speak, read, or write the English language (

AGS Degrees – There are two types of AGS degrees, a general AGS and a technical AGS. The Technical AGS is used as a technical pre-professional transfer degree with a major field specified. It is designed for students to transfer into a baccalaureate degree program with junior standing, based on a written articulation agreement with one or more designated institutions. This type of AGS degree is allowable within an approved Career and Technical Education Program if it meets the following requirements:

  • Maintains written articulation agreements with one or more designated institutions.
  • The course of study for the various fields of specialization must be outlined in the college catalog as well as the identification of the baccalaureate institution(s) that have agreed to accept the program in transfer.
  • The AGS Degree is limited to 60 credits, and requires at least 30 semester hours of general education. The other hours will be subject to the terms of the agreement with the baccalaureate institution(s).

All Aspects of an Industry – Includes, with respect to a particular industry that a student is preparing to enter, planning, management, finances, technical and production skills, underlying principles of technology, labor and community issues, health and safety, and environmental issues related to that industry. (Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education Glossary)

American College Testing Program (ACT) – Provides measures of educational development and readiness to pursue college-level coursework.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) – The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state and local government, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. To be protected by the ADA, one must have a disability or have a relationship or association with an individual with a disability. An individual with a disability is defined by the ADA as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment. The ADA does not specifically name all of the impairments that are covered. (

Apprenticeships – A combination of school and work-based learning in a specific occupational area designed to lead to a related postsecondary program, entry-level job, or a registered Department of Labor (DOL) apprenticeship program. (Adapted from Oklahoma Glossary)

Articulation – A process of providing a seamless system of education that ensures ease in student transition from secondary to postsecondary education levels and from one educational system to another.

AS (Associate of Science) Degree – An award that normally requires at least 2 but less than 4 years of full-time equivalent college work.

Assessment – The use of standardized instruments, interviews, or other means to determine factors that may contribute to the success of students in career and technology programs. These factors may include interest, aptitude, academic achievement, work experience, learning style, work values, and other traits. Assessment may also be administered to determine progress attained by students during training or areas of need to address through remediation.

Bachelor’s/Baccalaureate Degree – An award that normally requires at least 4 but not more than 5 years of full-time equivalent college-level work. (U.S. Department of Labor, Credential Resource Guide, handout, April 26, 2010


Basic Skills – Basic academic and tutorial services designed to increase literacy levels, upgrade literacy, and improve listening and speaking skills.

BEST Plus – BEST Plus is an adaptation of the Basic English Skills Test (BEST) oral interview. BEST Plus comes in two versions—a computer-adaptive assessment on CD or a semi-adaptive print-based version. Both versions are administered as a face-to-face oral interview.

Bridge Programs – Postsecondary programs designed to prepare academically under-prepared and under-served populations to enter credit-based academic courses, often by teaching remedial or basic skills in the context of occupational skills.

Career Academies – Operating as schools within schools, career academies are small learning communities which are organized around such themes as health, business and finance, computer technology, and the like. Academy students take classes together, remain with the same group of teachers over time, follow a curriculum that includes both academic and career-oriented courses, and participate in work internships and other career-related experiences outside the classroom. Over time, improving the rigor of academic and career-related curricula has become an increasingly prominent part of the career academies agenda.

Career and Technical Student Organizations (CTSO) – The purpose of career and technical student organizations is to provide additional opportunities for secondary and/or postsecondary students to develop competencies for occupations. The CTSO can be an integral part of the instructional program and in addition can promote a sense of civic and personal responsibility. Examples of CTSO include:

  • Collegiate DECA – DECA prepares emerging leaders and entrepreneurs for careers in marketing, finance, hospitality and management in high schools and colleges around the globe.
  • FBLA-PBL – Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA) is a national career and technical education student organization for secondary students preparing for careers in business or careers in business education. Phi Beta Lambda (PBL) is an organization on the move for postsecondary and collegiate students enrolled or interested in a variety of business programs.
  • FCCLA – Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA) is the only national career and technical student organization with the family as its central focus. Since 1945, FCCLA members have been making a difference in their families, careers and communities by addressing important personal, work and societal issues through family and consumer sciences education.
  • FFA – Colorado Future Farmers of America (FFA) is for youth from 14 to 22 years of age enrolled in agriculture education. The largest student youth organization in America, the FFA is both an intracurricular and integral part of the complete CTE agriculture education program. The Colorado Young Farmer Education Association is a statewide organization of people enrolled in the Young Farmer Program. The Young Farmer Program is usually conducted by local CTE agriculture instructors in addition to their regular high school or college agriculture classes.
  • HOSA – Health Occupations Students of America (HOSA) is an organization for students enrolled in health occupations education programs. Through HOSA, students develop leadership and technical skills through a program of motivation, awareness and recognition.
  • SkillsUSA – SkillsUSA is a partnership of students, teachers and industry. While working together to ensure America has a skilled wor