Academic Credit – The unit of measurement an institution awards when the determined course or subject requirement(s) are fulfilled (Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education Glossary).
Academic Rigor – Offering a CTE curriculum that aligns the new CTE career pathway standards with Colorado’s newly adopted Common Core standards, which include:
- Four credits in English language arts
- Three credits in mathematics
- Two credits in social studies
- Two credits in science
AA (Associate of Arts) Degree – The Associate of Arts degree provides the first two years of study toward a bachelor of arts degree.
AAS (Associate of Applied Science) Degree – The AAS degree (with the occupational field specified) is intended to prepare students to enter skilled and/or paraprofessional occupations or to upgrade or stabilize their employment. Certain courses/certificates within the degree or the entire AAS degree may be accepted toward a baccalaureate degree at some four-year institutions.
Academically Enhanced CTE Courses – CTE courses that can document and demonstrate that 80% of course content is directly aligned to state approved CTE occupational standards for the program in which the course is delivered are acceptable for CTE approval.
Accredited – The goal of accreditation of educational programs is to ensure that the education provided by institutions of higher education meets acceptable levels of quality. The US Department of Education maintains a website on “Accreditation in the United States” at http://www2.ed.gov/admins/finaid/accred/index.html that provides lists of regional and national accrediting agencies recognized by the US Secretary of Education as reliable authorities concerning the quality of education or training offered by the institutions of higher education. (U.S. Department of Labor, Credential Resource Guide, handout, April 26, 2010 (http://wdr.doleta.gov/directives/attach/TEGL15-10a2.pdf)
Active Program – A program is considered an active program once it has been approved by CCCS. An active program can have the program status of Active, New, or Conditional.
Adult Basic Education (ABE) – ABE is instruction in the basic skills below the 9th grade level (0-8.9). (http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdeadult/AEFLAglossary.htm)
Adult Education – Services or instruction below the postsecondary level for individuals who:
- Have attained 16 years of age; and
- Are not enrolled or required to be enrolled in secondary school under State law;
- Lack sufficient mastery of basic educational skills to enable the individuals to function effectively in society; or
- Do not have a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent and have not achieved an equivalent level of education; or
- Are unable to speak, read, or write the English language (http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdeadult/AEFLAglossary.htm)
AGS Degrees – There are two types of AGS degrees, a general AGS and a technical AGS. The Technical AGS is used as a technical pre-professional transfer degree with a major field specified. It is designed for students to transfer into a baccalaureate degree program with junior standing, based on a written articulation agreement with one or more designated institutions. This type of AGS degree is allowable within an approved Career and Technical Education Program if it meets the following requirements:
- Maintains written articulation agreements with one or more designated institutions.
- The course of study for the various fields of specialization must be outlined in the college catalog as well as the identification of the baccalaureate institution(s) that have agreed to accept the program in transfer.
- The AGS Degree is limited to 60 credits, and requires at least 30 semester hours of general education. The other hours will be subject to the terms of the agreement with the baccalaureate institution(s).
All Aspects of an Industry – Includes, with respect to a particular industry that a student is preparing to enter, planning, management, finances, technical and production skills, underlying principles of technology, labor and community issues, health and safety, and environmental issues related to that industry. (Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education Glossary)
American College Testing Program (ACT) – Provides measures of educational development and readiness to pursue college-level coursework.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) – The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state and local government, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. To be protected by the ADA, one must have a disability or have a relationship or association with an individual with a disability. An individual with a disability is defined by the ADA as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment. The ADA does not specifically name all of the impairments that are covered. (http://www.ada.gov/)
Apprenticeships – A combination of school and work-based learning in a specific occupational area designed to lead to a related postsecondary program, entry-level job, or a registered Department of Labor (DOL) apprenticeship program. (Adapted from Oklahoma Glossary)
Articulation – A process of providing a seamless system of education that ensures ease in student transition from secondary to postsecondary education levels and from one educational system to another.
AS (Associate of Science) Degree – An award that normally requires at least 2 but less than 4 years of full-time equivalent college work.
Assessment – The use of standardized instruments, interviews, or other means to determine factors that may contribute to the success of students in career and technology programs. These factors may include interest, aptitude, academic achievement, work experience, learning style, work values, and other traits. Assessment may also be administered to determine progress attained by students during training or areas of need to address through remediation.
Bachelor’s/Baccalaureate Degree – An award that normally requires at least 4 but not more than 5 years of full-time equivalent college-level work. (U.S. Department of Labor, Credential Resource Guide, handout, April 26, 2010